Neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological findings in conduct disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological evaluations were performed in a pilot study of adolescents with DSM-III-R disruptive behavior disorders, including conduct disorder (CD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The following comparisons were made: 1) CD comorbid with ADHD vs. CD only; 2) all subjects with ADHD vs. all non-ADHD; and 3) all subjects with CD vs. all non-CD.
The CD + ADHD group had increased left-sided soft signs compared with the CD group.
CD + ADHD subjects significantly underperformed CD subjects on several executive functioning measures, with no differences on Verbal IQ subtests.
Results are discrepant with previous findings of deficient verbal functioning in delinquent populations.
J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1994 Summer;6(3):245-9
Aronowitz B, Liebowitz M, Hollander E, Fazzini E, Durlach-Misteli C, Frenkel M, Mosovich S, Garfinkel R, Saoud J, DelBene D, et al
Department of Psychiatry,
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York.
Neuropsychiatric Comparison of Conduct Disorder to ADHD
Les Linet MD, a board certified child and adolescent psychiatrist, discusses the distinction between oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and other disruptive behavior in children