Adoptive and Biological Families of Children and Adolescents With ADHD.
Objective: Using an adoption study design, the authors addressed the issue of genetics in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Method: This study examined the rates of ADHD and associated disorders in the first-degree adoptive relatives of 25 adopted probands with ADHD and compared them with those of the first-degree biological relatives of 101 nonadopted probands with ADHD and 50 nonadopted, non-ADHD control probands.
Results: Six percent of the adoptive parents of adopted ADHD probands had ADHD compared with 18% of the biological parents of nonadopted ADHD probands and 3% of the biological parents of the control probands.
Conclusion: Results of this study lend support to the hypothesis that ADHD has a genetic component. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 2000, 39(11):1432-1437. Key Words: adoption, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, family study.
Author/s: Susan Sprich
Issue: Nov, 2000