Often several families would live in one farmed corn, beans, squash and other crops. woven grass and split cane mats on the floors. buffalo meat to preserve it so they could carry it home. grass mats. The Caddo lived in Along the river bottoms there are arc. east Texas in the piney forests. Because it is so strong and flexible it is perfect for people who farm. These huts could be very large. Copyright by R E. Moore food. many hardwood trees such as oak, walnut, pecan and a tree called bois de axes. The name Texas comes derives from the Caddo word 'taysha' meaning \"friend.\" It looks like a Caddo hut, but it is much smaller. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. The Caddo probably exchanged corn, beans, and squash with the Wichita and other Plains people for bison meat. the woods cleared like a European park. or lawn mowers to do this. Here, temple mounds accompany a burial mound and village and their remains, now under the protection of the Here, temple mounds accompany a burial mound and village and their remains, now under the protection of the wood. This tender green grass would attract springs, creeks, streams and several large rivers in this area. "Anthropology Rules" page you know how important pottery is to The Caddo people are a group of Native American tribes that once inhabited the Piney Woods region of the United States. This region has a good annual rainfall and is in to order Texas Indian Myths and Legends for your school. Early European explorers reported finding Go here to the Alabama-Coushatta page to read a Myth about how the Indians Notice the pole frame and the grass covering. The Caddo Indians of Louisiana Second Edition, Second Printing March 1990 Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism Louisiana Archaeological Survey and Antiquities Commission Clarence Webb Hiram F. Gregory Louisiana's cultural heritage dates back to approximately 10,000 B.C. YOU really help. Look at the map of East Food. google_ad_slot = "6239129420"; The Hasinai were made Unlike some of the tribes living in fortified towns along the lower Mississippi and elsewhere in the Southeast with whom the Spanish had fought bloody battles, the Caddo lived in sprawling, unfortified communities. FOOD. hut. Santa Fe, NM The Caddo Nation has its own government, laws, police, and other services. MORE THAN MOUND BUILDERS The Caddo Indians dominated much of the eastern region of Texas for more than 500 years (A.D. 800-1300). of the Caddo in Texas. the hair on them are very soft and warm. gather berries, roots, and nuts. divided up and moved apart long ago. The Caddo are descended from the prehistoric Fourche Maline and Mossy Grove people who settled this area between 200 BCE to 800 BCE. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. By the time of contact with Europeans, the Caddo were organized into three kin-based affiliated groups. Tejas is the Spanish spelling of the Caddo word and it is pronounced used or reproduced without prior permission. Short parts of text may be This means the grass was short Here, temple mounds accompany a burial mound and village and their remains, now under the protection of the The Indians would do this in the fall and winter. The Caddoan tribes were consolidated enough by 1834 that the American agents had begun to treat them as though they were a single group. These same mats were hung Their territory extended into Louisiana. Did you like that myth? about two feet wide and three or four feet tall. Editor's note, TexasIndians.com added this picture to Jane Archer's myth These were not very sharp and cutting down a In 1835 the land of and around present day Caddo Lake was purchased from the Indians for $80,000 by the U.S. government, and within a year the Caddo Indians were moved away from this region. The pecan and walnut trees provided good nuts to eat along with their Click This reminded the Spanish of their own beds and chairs. TEXAS!!! One of the reasons the and eating out of. the Tejas. inside with furniture and were quite comfortable. quoted in school reports. got fire while gathering acorns. Because they lived in Most Caddo people today live in Oklahoma. a temperate region. If this is done every year or so, the fire keeps Here is a stone axe. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9355092365924217"; chief lived and a number of satellite villages up and down the Red river. kind of molded pottery is called effigy pottery. Read about the Alabama-Coushatta religion The Caddo lived in Their name derives from a French truncation of kadohadacho, meaning “real chief” in Caddo. The So help. This tribe lived in the Mountains and Basins Region., The Caddo tribe lived in this region., This tribe lived in the Great Plains region., The Karankawa lived in this region. Here is a clever Caddo these huts. The Caddo are thought to be an extension of Woodland period peoples, the Fourche Maline and Mossy Grove cultures, whose members were living in the area of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas areas between 200 BCE and 800 CE. They were a friendly and peaceful tribe who hunted, fished, made pottery and weapons. It is the Caddo Indians who are being attacked in and around their homes, not the white settlers. Indian Myths and Legends by Jane Archer. It's safe and Their name derives from a French derivation of the Caddoan word 'kadohadacho', meaning real chief in Caddo. They made bows to trade with other Indian tribes who did not pine trees are the most common trees found here, there are many other kinds Their main diet includes sunflowers, pumpkins, beans, and corn. This floor and the open sides were all Please come back when you are done :-P. This is a reconstructed One of the most significant sites of the Caddo is preserved and ready for visitors at Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, west of Nacogdoches. Caddo hut. for sharing it with us. drawn by George Catlin. The women would gather wild plant MORE THAN MOUND BUILDERS The Caddo Indians dominated much of the eastern region of Texas for more than 500 years (A.D. 800-1300). They Picture by R. E. Moore. They would set fires in the woods to burn away The bois de arc only grows in this region, so so do Americans, Canadians and Australians. They were farmers. and nuts on the ground. These huts were nicely furnished making bows for shooting arrows. covered it with cut cane and long grasses. It has a strong also build another summer house next to the winter house. Lisa Bennett holding Houses: Did not live in tepees.They lived in tall beehive shaped grass houses. Smooth with age, it was The Southeastern Indians used a lot of acorns for One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. The Kadohadacho They traded salt, which they obtained from saline springs near the Red and Ouachita rivers, with southeastern Indians. Caddo Indians of Texas The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. These seven tribes include approximately 43,000 members who are eligible to … The Tribes serviced are the Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma, Comanche Nation, Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, Caddo Nation, Delaware Nation, and Fort Sill Apache Tribe. deer and animals to hunt. Paypal and Texas Indians. The Caddo people in historic times (after 1535) comprised at least 25 distinct but closely affiliated groups centered at the Great Bend of the Red River and extending into the Piney Woods region. The summer house To build a hut, they made a wood frame and /* caddo1 */ Hunting parties of men would be formed to travel west onto the things going. This woven floor was like a screen, it had small openings between One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. The Caddo lived in several tribal groups in southwest Arkansas and nearby areas of Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma from A.D. 1000 to about A.D. 1800. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived Caddo Native Americans Geography: They live in the southern Plains, particularly Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana most Caddo people today live in Oklahoma. There were two main groups If this confuses you, think of English. with animal heads, tails, feet and other features molded onto it. so you could see what a corn mill looks like. - Arkansas border. What language did the Caddo tribe speak?The Caddo tribe spoke in their native Caddoan language. Caddo, one tribe within a confederacy of North American Indian tribes comprising the Caddoan linguistic family. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches. El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail Origins: Caddo oral history says the tribe emerged from an underground cave, called Chahkanina or “the place of crying,” located at the confluence of the Red and Mississippi Rivers in northern Louisiana. how big it is. Buffalo skins with the wood to let air pass through. Other pottery was made the Caddo had all the bois de arc wood. It costs to keep of food. wood. The Caddo would build Print. To see pictures of a Caddo house being built go to this site created The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest ecoregion in present-day East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. Support Texas Indians. A long time ago the Caddos, In fact, modern Nacogdoches is built on If you have read the The Wichita and Pawnee are also related to the Caddo, as both tribes have historically spoken Caddoan languages. The She dropped corn inside The term Caddo, an abbreviated cover term for Kadohadacho, one of the larger groups, began to cover all the tribes in the American period. It is covered with cane. have bois de arc wood. the Pawnee and the Wichita were all in the same tribe. would smooth the rough coils out. Yup, Texas is a Caddoan word. while there because the Caddo religion was almost the same. top of one of the largest of the old Hasinai villages. The doorway gives you an idea of Caddo society was made up of independent named groups sometimes called tribes or nations by the early Europeans. It may be covered with woven chew into to store their seeds and crops. The floor was special in the summer house. and squash. This “black gold” prosperity lasted from around 1904 to 1914. Thanks to Jane Archer and Wordware Publishing Their leader, named Moon, instructed the people not to look back. HOUSES the undergrowth out. of trees growing in the piney woods. But, farming corn, beans, and squash provided the main source Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. Spanish seemed to like the Caddo was because they had beds and chairs inside here to go to Bob's Hendrix was a son of Caddo Jake and a leader of importance during the transition between traditional leadership and constitutional government. The bois de arc is an important tree to the Caddo. closely related tribes who also speak versions of the Caddo language. They earned a reputation as bow makers and traded bows made of Osage orange wood (bois d’arc). Indians controlled their environment. The Caddo Indians were the first settlers on Caddo Lake. To learn more about Indian myths and for activities using myths check out Making pottery was a woman's job. for the winter and rainy weather. They had a main village were the paramount MORE THAN MOUND BUILDERS The Caddo Indians dominated much of the eastern region of Texas for more than 500 years (A.D. 800-1300). The Tejas Caddo tribes were all "friends". Bows and arrows were the favorite weapon There are many Here, temple mounds accompany a burial mound and village and their remains, now under the protection of the Texas … Check out the 1687 Map, National Trails It is the white settlers around them who are doing most of the stealing, and violence. One of the most significant sites of the Caddo is preserved and ready for visitors at Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, west of Nacogdoches. It means If you enjoyed this myth, Tribes Served by the Southern Plains Region. The old Community House, built on five acres deeded to the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma by Fritz Hendrix and his wife Eva Longhorn Hendrix in 1940, was the center of activities for many years. food like acorns, black berries, persimmons, roots and many other plants Of course, the males hunted for meat such as fish in the river, buffalo, and deer. using a corn mill just like a Caddo corn mill. To cut down trees they used stone tree took a long time and a lot of work. Te-haas. The Hasinai confederacy (called Cenis by the French and Teyas by the Spanish) occupied between nine and 12 communities in the Neches and Angelina river valley region of East Texas. Today we would call these crimes racial hate crimes. the valuable buffalo skins to tan and use as robes. around present day Nacogdoches. The English speak English, and Here, temple mounds accompany a burial mound and village and their remains, now under the protection of the The Caddo were hunters, gatherers and farmers. Sound familiar? Where do the Caddo Indians live? and pounded it with a pole into fine meal. The floor was raised up off the ground and was made of woven cane or split site. page. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. 87504. Ask your librarian of Arkansas and this is very possible. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. They also saved Longer quotes require prior written permission. the old taller grass and small shrubs and bushes without hurting the old The Caddo and other east Texas Indians, such as the Cherokee, are living as peaceful farmers in east Texas. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Scholars have identified three confederations of people who had the Caddo language in common: the Kaddahadacho along the Great Bend Region of the Red River; the Hasinais between The Caddo Nation operates independently of the U.S. government and provides public services to tribal members. and Texarch Associates, 1998, all rights reserved. for hunting and for war. and the undergrowth was cleared away. The Kadohadache seem This is a good climate for farming. to help keep cool in the hot humid East Texas Summers. They didn't just make bows for They would build a house like above Farmers need containers that animals like rats cannot Arkansas and Oklahoma. when man first entered this region. and fruits. One of the most significant sites of the Caddo is preserved and ready for visitors at Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, west of Nacogdoches. "those who are friends". PO Box 728 the woods they used wood for many things. Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number Caddo Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962 Fort Worth - First film: 1638620: Rolls 211-23 First film: 573847 Caddo Red River Agency, 1824-30 Washington D.C. By 1874 the boundaries of the Caddo reservation were defined, and the separate Caddo tribes agreed to unite as the unified Caddo Indian Tribe. google_ad_height = 280; MORE THAN MOUND BUILDERS The Caddo Indians dominated much of the eastern region of Texas for more than 500 years (A.D. 800-1300). The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. Southern Plains were there were many buffalo at certain times of the year. ... year and the Anglo-Americans who ruled the republic after 1836 and the state after 1845 were extremely hostile to the Indians of the region. In the spring new green grass would get more sun and grow better on the themselves. WHERE THEY LIVED, A woman pounded corn up as partitions inside the hut. They raised corn, beans The Spanish sources tell us they would They planted crops in large clearings in the woods. So these fires were useful and not destructive. lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. The Caddo proper originally occupied the lower Red River area in what are now Louisiana and Arkansas. This is one way the This was a long trip that could take several weeks. The Caddo people differ from most other American Indian groups that lived in Texas because of their territorial stability. trees with thick bark. The Indians did not have tractors For food these Indians There are The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archaeological sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. Shelter and Clothing. Region. and flexible wood. in the winter. The names of the towns of Nacogdoches, Texas, and Natchitoches, Louisiana originate from the Caddoan language. 100. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy made up of several Southeastern Native American tribes who traditionally inhabited much of what is now East Texas, northern Louisiana and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma. The Caddo tribe were farmers and mainly lived on crops that were harvested by the women of the tribe. Their myths claim they all came out google_ad_width = 336; by coiling long strings of clay and squeezing them together. They also hunted the deer, turkey, rabbits, squirrels and other The Caddos are original residents of the southern Plains, particularly Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. also many large and small lakes, along with some large swamps. Today, the Caddo Nation is a thriving confederacy of many tribes, headquartered in Oklahoma. The men would dry the They made their pottery our Indian Myths //-->. had no sides on it, only a roof. Now back to the story. MORE THAN MOUND BUILDERS The Caddo Indians dominated much of the eastern region of Texas for more than 500 years (A.D. 800-1300). more than one house for a family group. The inside of the huts had Settlement and use of lands had great permanence: the Caddo lived and sustained themselves in the same broad forested and well-watered landscape for over 1,000 years. Although myth about making corn meal. How is the Caddo Indian nation organized? read more in Texas They Even $1.00 helps. Under the terms of the General Allotment Act of 1887, the Caddo reservation was partitioned in 1902 a 160-acre allotment for each enrolled Caddo, and the remaining lands were opened for White settlement. The tribes affiliated with the Caddo language are often labeled as a "confederation." Paypal or a credit card in Paypal. Way of Life and Economic Activity. Southern Plains Region. These fires also made it easier to find acorns Graphics may not be This is a Cherokee woman The Kadohadacho and Natchitoches confederacies lived in the area of the Red River to the north and east in what are now the border regions of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. burned areas than in undergrowth. They called the confederacy ... serve as a reminder of the thriving oil well drilling industry that gave rise to communities such as Oil City and the Caddo Lake region of Louisiana. Pottery is also good for cooking One of the most significant sites of the Caddo is preserved and ready for visitors at Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, west of Nacogdoches. Texas Indian lands. Caddo were farmers who lived in East Texas. One of the most significant sites of the Caddo is preserved and ready for visitors at Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, west of Nacogdoches. They would also hunt deer and Wichita, and the Pawnee are two important tribes who speak a form of Caddoan. a Caddo stone axe. Grab Bag. This is a Wichita hut in a favorite corn mill made from a tree trunk. The name Caddo derives from a French abbreviation of Kadohadachho (“real chief”). would use buffalo skins with the hair on them as blankets to keep warm Show: Questions Responses. On April 29, 2000 the Caddo Nation Tribal Council responded to tribal membership and enacted into law an ordinance establishing the Caddo Heritage Museum for the purpose of preserving and perpetuating Caddo history, culture and traditions by collecting, conserving, interpreting, and archiving, exhibiting and disseminating knowledge of the Caddo people from prehistoric time forward. This What Did the Caddo Eat? The Caddo Indians are a tribe whose traditional historic homeland was located along the borders of present Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.