[16][17], Madurai is one of the many temple towns in the state which is named after the groves, clusters or forests dominated by a particular variety of a tree or shrub and the same variety of tree or shrub sheltering the presiding deity. Avanimoolam festival is celebrated during September when the 64 sacred games of Shiva, thiruvilayadal, are recited. [177] Madurai is now attracting medical tourism also. [211], This article is about the city in Tamil Nadu, India. The municipal corporation of Madurai has an area of 147.97 km2. [92] All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner, who is the supreme executive head. [210], On 27 January 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid a foundation stone for the new AIIMS hospital project in Thoppur at a cost of Rs. [35] The city remained under the control of the Cholas until the early 13th century, when the second Pandyan empire was established with Madurai as its capital. [118] Madurai is the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (Madurai) and provides local and inter-city bus transport across the districts of Madurai, Dindigul, Sivagangai, Theni, Virudhunagar. [19][20] Vaishnava texts refer to Madurai as the "southern Mathura", probably similar to Tenkasi (southern Kashi). [147] There are seven polytechnical schools and five Industrial training institutes (ITIs) in Madurai, with the Government ITI and the Government Polytechnic for Women being the most prominent of them all. It has a visitor average of 5000 per day during holidays and 2000–3000 on working days. [47] The Temple Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act passed by the government of Madras Presidency under C. Rajagopalachari in 1939 removed restrictions prohibiting Shanars and Dalits from entering Hindu temples. [111] The district is divided into four sub-divisions, namely Thallakulam, Anna Nagar, Thilagar Thidal and Town,[111] with a total of 27 police stations. Madurai (Tamil Nadu) [India], January 14 (ANI): Tamil culture, history and language are essential for the future of India and are needed to be respected, … The temple is said to have been constructed somewhere around this time by Kulashekara Pandyan. 1264 crores. Tamil Nadu Congress Committee TNCC chief KS Alagiri and DMK Youth Wing Secretary Udhayanidhi Stalin also witnessed the ‘Jallikattu’ event along with Rahul. [154] Madurai is one of the few rubber growing areas in South India,[155] and there are rubber-based industries in Madurai. [61] Mostly Dry weather prevails throughout the year. [121] Periyar Bus stand is completely demolished and reconstructed at a cost of 153 crore rupees under central government smart city project. It is an important railway junction in southern Tamil Nadu and is one of the top 100 booking stations in Indian Railways. As per the legend, the place was originally a forest called Kadambavanam. of Tamil Nadu are appointed from the descendants family. Part of the city which falls under Thirupparankundram assembly constituency comes under the Virudhunagar Lok Sabha constituency. [159][160]Indian Oil Corporation has build as largest terminal which comes under the central government funded at the cost of ₹ 1.04 lakh Crore. There are an estimated 33,000 sculptures in the temple,[162] and it was in the list of top 30 nominees for the "New7Wonders of the World". [124] There are direct trains from connecting Madurai with major cities and towns across India. During this day there will be huge crowd will be present near the river too see Lord Alagar in the river. These squares retain their traditional names of Aadi, Chittirai, Avani-moola and Masi streets, corresponding to the Tamil month names and also to the festivals associated. Great Tamil poets of different epochs participated in these assemblies and their composition is called Sangam literature. Jallikattu, Tamil Nadu, Madurai, COVID Restrictions, COVID-19 pandemic, jallikattu sport, jallikattu news, bull-taming sport, jallikattu video The 2011 Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission covered 90 per cent of households with underground drainage system. [114] However, Madurai had the second lowest crime rate at 169.1 of all the cities in Tamil Nadu. [146] There are 47 approved institutions of the university in and around the city, consisting of autonomous colleges, aided colleges, self-financing colleges, constituent colleges, evening colleges and other approved institutions. [206], Madurai comes under the Madurai telecom district of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), India's state-owned telecom and internet services provider. The decorated icons of Meenakshi and her consort are taken out in a procession from the Meenakshi Temple to the Mariamman Teppakulam. [132] The airport handled 842,300 passengers between April 2015 and March 2016. [28] Madurai is also mentioned in Kautilya's (370–283 BCE)[29] Arthashastra. The icons are floated in the tank on a raft decked with flowers and flickering lamps. [37][38] The British government made donations to the Meenakshi temple and participated in the Hindu festivals during the early part of their rule. [172][173] Goripalayam Mosque is located in Gorippalayam, the name of which is derived from the Persian word gor ("grave") and the graves of erstwhile Sultanate rulers Alauddin, Shamsuddeen and Habibuddin are found here. A study based on the data available with the Indian Meteorological Department on Madurai over a period of 62 years indicate rising trend in atmospheric temperature over Madurai city, attributed to urbanisation, growth of vehicles and industrial activity. Madurai (/ˈmædjʊraɪ/ MA-DHU-RYE,[5][6] also US: /ˌmɑːdəˈraɪ/ MAH-də-RYE[6][7][8]) is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The recorded history of the city goes back to the 3rd century BCE, being mentioned by Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador to the Maurya empire, and Kautilya, a minister of the Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya. The sewer system was first established by the British in Madurai in 1924 to cover the core city area, which covers 30 per cent of the present city area. [40] The moat was drained and the debris was used to construct new streets – Veli, Marat and Perumaal Mesthiri streets. Later it was conquered by Chola, Vijayanagar, Muslim, Maratha, and British rulers. The city is also the seat of a bench of the Madras High Court, one of only a few outside the state capitals of India. [58] Paddy is the major crop, followed by pulses, millet, oil seed, cotton and sugarcane.[58]. kappalur which is sub-urban of Madurai is business hub for automotive industries such as KUN BMW, Isuzu, Volkswagen, Toyota, Mahindra, Tata, Maruti Suzuki, Mitsubishi, Ashok Leyland, Jeep, Fiat India (FCA).The government has created Utchapatti-Thoppur satellite Township in Kappalur. Rameswaram is historical Hindu temple tourism center which is 170 km (110 mi) from Madurai well connected with Rail and road connectivity. The average literacy of the city was 81.95%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. [207][208], A regional passport office was opened on 17 December 2007 and caters to the needs of nine districts. [116] Upcoming projects of medical investment by Tamil Nadu government setting up tertiary cancer centre costing Rs 45 crore has been approved and the work on the Rs 150 crore super speciality hospital on GRH premises has already started. [118] Madurai is one of the seven circles of the Tamil Nadu State Highway network. The different names by which the city has been referred to historically are listed in the 7th-century poem Thiruvilayaadal puraanam written by Paranjothi Munivar. The city of Madurai lies on the flat and fertile plain of the river Vaigai, which runs in the northwest–southeast direction through the city, dividing it into two almost equal halves. The Tamil Sangam was conceived as a nationalist project by Vallal Pandithurai Thevar who announced its formation at the Madras sessions of the Congress in 1901 … [167] The annual 10-day Meenakshi Tirukalyanam festival, also called Chittirai festival, is celebrated during April–May every year and attracts one million visitors. [60] The average annual rainfall for the Madurai district is about 85.76 cm. The city covers an area of 147.97 km2 and had a population of 1,470,755 in 2011. Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. These structures are the subject of the poem Hindoo Temples and Palace at Madura by Letitia Elizabeth Landon, published in 1835. Deccan Chronicle, though not printed in the city, is another English language daily newspaper available in the city. [174] Tirupparankunram Dargah is located at the top of the Thiruparankundram hill where the cemetery of Sultan Sikandhar Badushah the then ruler of Jeddah and Madurai who travelled to India along with Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed of Ervadi during the 12th century is located. Congress Leader Rahul Gandhi on Thursday witnessed the popoular bull taming sport jallikattu at Avaniapuram in Tamil Nadu's Madurai diustrict. The temple was almost completely destroyed in the year 1310 following … [91] It is the second oldest municipal corporation in Tamil Nadu, after Chennai. Phone: 514-713-4759 [205] In the period 2010–2011, a total of 950.6 lakh litres of water was supplied to 87,091 connections for households in Madurai. [68] A total of 100,324 were under the age of six, constituting 51,485 males and 48,839 females. There are several import and exporting activities in Thoothukudi harbour to various countries like Singapore and Colombo.An initiative process by the Tamil Nadu government has announced to develop Madurai - Thoothukudi Industrial Corridor in the year of 2014 by the finance minister at the estimated cost of ₹1,83,819 Crore and it covers 13 districts and fund released by Tamil Nadu Infrastructure Fund Management Company Ltd [137], Madurai has been an academic centre of learning for Tamil culture, literature, art, music and dance for centuries. [112] The Madurai city police force is headed by a Commissioner of police, assisted by Deputy Commissioners. Thiru T. ANBALAGAN, I.A.S Thiru.T.Anbalagan, I.A.S., Collector of Madurai District. [55][59] Madurai is hot and dry for eight months of the year. Their decline saw the brief resurgence of the P… [183] Several national meets are held here. The ancient history of the region is associated with the Pandya kings, and Madurai was the site of the Pandya capital (4th–11th century ce ). He belongs to 2011 IAS Batch. During the third Tamil sangam, the comparative merits of the poets was decided by letting the works float in the lotus ta… Automobile manufacturers are the major consumers of rubber components produced in the city. [21][22], Koodal means an assembly or congregation of scholarly people, referring to the three Tamil Sangams held at Madurai. [41] The city was constituted as a municipality in 1866 CE. [93] The corporation received several awards in 2008 for implementing development works. Hello, Friends today I will tell you about Madurai Meenakshi Temple or Meenakshi Amman Sundareshwarar is a historic Hindu temple and height is 160 feet situated on the southern bank of the Vaigai river in the Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.Meenakshi Temple Madurai is dedicated to the goddess Meenakshi, the wife of Lord Shiva. [73] Tamil is spoken by most, and the standard dialect is the Madurai Tamil dialect. The Nayak reign was an era noted for its achievement in arts, cultural and administrative reforms, revitalization of temples previously ransacked by the Delhi Sultans, and inauguration of a unique architectural style. The National Highways NH-44, NH-38 and NH-85 pass through Madurai. [152] The paddy fields cultivated in the Vaigai delta across Madurai North, Melur, Nilakottai and Uthamapalayam are known as "double-crop paddy belts". [174] St. Mary's Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madurai.[175]. [138] All three assemblies of the Tamil language, the Tamil Sangam (about the 3rd century BCE to the 3rd century CE), were said to have been held at Madurai. Madurai Meenakshi temple’s history is as old as the history of the city itself. It was further expanded in 1959 and 1983 by a corporation plan. [164][165], Alagar Koyil is a celebrated Vishnu temple 21 kilometres (13 mi) northeast of Madurai situated on the foothills of Solaimalai. It includes a part of the blood-stained garment worn by Mahatma Gandhi when he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. [204] Water supply is provided by the Madurai City Corporation with overhead tanks and power pumps. Many historical evidences of the temple have been found dating back from early A.D. [76] Roman Catholics in Madurai are affiliated with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Madurai,[77] while Protestants are affiliated with the Madurai-Ramnad Diocese of the Church of South India. [35] The Madurai Sultanate then seceded from Delhi and functioned as an independent kingdom until its gradual annexation by the Vijayanagar Empire in 1378 CE. History Meenakshi Temple, also referred to as Meenakshi Amman or Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple, is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. இப்பக்கத்தைக் கடைசியாக 30 திசம்பர் 2020, 09:53 மணிக்குத் திருத்தினோம். Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the south side of the Vaigai River in Madurai and is one of the most prominent landmarks of the city. இது, மதுரை … [163], Koodal Azhagar Temple is a Vishnu temple located in the city. [130] It offers domestic flights to some cities in India and international services to Colombo, Dubai and for Singapore on a daily basis started by Air India Express since February 2018. [33][34] The Pandyas were ousted from Madurai by the Chola dynasty during the early 9th century. [36] Madurai became independent from Vijayanagar in 1559 CE under the Nayaks. 4368 rue Levy Montreal, Quebec H3C 5K4, Canada. It was believed that a divine force would cause the work of superior merit to float on the surface, while the inferior ones would sink. Wakf Board College (established in 1964), Tamil Nadu Polytechnic College ( established in 1946),[145] are the oldest educational institutions of the city. [121] In addition to the government operated city buses, there are 236 registered private mini-buses that support local transportation. [138], With the advent of Small Scale Industries (SSI) after 1991, the industrialisation of Madurai increased employment in the sector across the district from 63,271 in 1992–93 to 166,121 persons in 2001–02. [35] After the death of Kulasekara Pandian (1268–1308 CE), Madurai came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. The temple is the first among the Six Abodes of Murugan and is one of the most visited tourist spots in Madurai, next only to the Meenakshi Amman Temple. மதுரை நகரின் பொருளாதாரத்தை உயர்த்தும் தொழிலகங்கள் (ஆங்கிலத்தில்). மேலிருந்து கடிகார சுழற்சி முறையில்: பெரியார் பேருந்து நிலையம்,தெப்பக்குளம் மாரியம்மன் கோயில், கலாச்சாரம், சுற்றுலா மற்றும் கொண்டாட்டங்கள், வையைத் திருமருத முன்றுறை - பரிபாடல் 22-45, வையை மருதோங்கு முன்றுறை – சிலப்பதிகாரம் 14-72, தாழ்த்தப்பட்டவர்கள் மற்றும் பழங்குடியினர், தமிழ்நாடு அரசு போக்குவரத்துக் கழகம் (மதுரை), உலகளாவிய நடமாடும் தகவல் தொடர்புகள் திட்டம், ஜவஹர்லால் நேரு தேசிய நகர்புற புனரமைப்புத் திட்டத்தின், Tamil Nādu (India): State, Major Cities, Towns & Agglomerations – Statistics & Maps on City Population, இந்தியா தொன்மையானவை - மீனாட்சி கோவில், மதுரை. A town in the neighbouring Dindigul district is called Vada Madurai (North Madurai) and another in Sivagangai district is called Manamadurai. Samanar Malai and Panchapandavar Malai are important Jain centres. Madurai is located at the distance of 462 km from Chennai, 214 km from Coimbatore, 242 km from Nagarcoil and 173 km from Rameshwaram. [136], It has the nearest big Port of V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust located nearly 150 km (93 mi) away from Madurai connecting with NH45 National Highway and 143 km (89 mi) from Madurai Airport which acts several industrial sectors to operate. The city hosts several radio stations, including the state-owned All India Radio[189] and private channels like Hello FM, Radio Mirchi,[190] Suryan FM[191] and Radio City. [14] There are fifteen engineering colleges in Madurai affiliated to Anna University, with the Thiagarajar College of Engineering being the oldest. [56] Madurai lies southeast of the western ghats, and the surrounding region occupies the plains of South India and contains several mountain spurs. There are also daily Tamil evening newspapers like Tamil Murasu, Malai Murasu[199] and Malai Malar[199] published in Madurai. [44] Leaders of the independence movement in Madurai included N.M.R. [166][168] The temple has a wide range of Hindu gods carved on the walls. The Hindu,[192] The New Indian Express[193] and The Times of India[194] are the three principal English language daily newspapers which have Madurai editions. The temple is a significant symbol for Tamils and has been mentioned since antiquity in Tamil literature, though the present structure was built between 1623 and 1655 CE. A legend narrated in the, Tiruvilaiyatarpuranam, a 13th century Tamil text, narrates the story of Pandyan king Malayadhwaja of Madurai (a legendary figure), who was childless. The Madurai Nayaks were Tamilized rulers of Telugu origin from around 1529 until 1736, of a region comprising most of modern-day Tamil Nadu, India, with Madurai as their capital. [19][74][75] Saurashtra is also spoken by some significant minorities. [182] MGR Race Course Stadium is an athletic stadium which has a synthetic track and a swimming pool. The history of Madurai dates back thousands of years- almost to 6th century B.C. [166] Jallikattu is one of the most popular historical sport in Tamil Nadu, and is a part of the Pongal festival (harvest festival) Mattu Pongal celebrated during January. [78], In 2001, Slum-dwellers comprise 32.6 per cent of the total population, much higher than the national average of 15.05 per cent. The sangam period is the Golden age of the Tamil language. He was the topper in 2001 Batch Deputy Collector exam (Group –I) conducted by Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission. Once, a farmer called Dhananjaya noticed Lord Indra worshipping the swayambhu or the self-created Lingam under a Kadamba tree, while he was passing through the forest. According to tradition, more than 3500 years ago the god Indra installed a small tower over a naturally formed stone lingamas a sign of devotion to Shiva, one of the primary deities in the vast Hindu pantheon. [138] The complex houses 14 gopurams (gateway towers) ranging from 45–50 metres (148–164 ft) in height, the tallest being the southern tower, 51.9 metres (170 ft) high. Tamil Nadu - Tamil Nadu - Cultural life: Hinduism lies at the core of the culture of Tamil Nadu. Madurai airfield was first used by the Royal Air Force in World War II in 1942. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi on Thursday hailed the Tamil tradition of holding ‘jallikattu’ and witnessed the bull-taming event at Avaniapuram in Madurai on Pongal day. [48][49], Madurai is built around the Meenakshi Amman Temple, which acted as the geographic and ritual centre of the ancient city of Madurai. . The present temple was constructed during the reign of Tirumalai Nayak, a king who lived during the 17th century. Madurai has important government educational institutes such as the Madurai Medical College, Homeopathic Medical College,[14] Madurai Law College, Agricultural College and Research Institute. [19] Tevaram, the 7th- or 8th-century Tamil compositions on Shiva by the three prominent Nayanars (Saivites), namely Appar,[23] Sundarar and Thirugnanasambandar,[24][25] address the city as Thirualavai. The daily sound and light show organised by the department explains the virtues of King Thirumalai and the features of the palace. [180] The Eco park, situated in Tallakulam, features fountains and lighting in trees using optical fibres. About 9,100,000 tourists visited Madurai in 2010, including 524,000 foreigners. There are government hospitals such as Government Rajaji Hospital, Employees' State Insurance ESI Hospital, Government hospital thoracic medicine and private hospital such as Apollo Hospitals, Vadamalayan Super speciality hospital, Meenakshi Mission hospital, Velammal Medical College Hospital & Research Institute. 2.2 crores for MGR Race Course Stadium", "Special postage stamp on freedom fighters and social reformers", "SpiceJet to start Madurai-Colombo service", "Tamil Nādu – City Population – Cities, Towns & Provinces – Statistics & Map", "Tamil Nadu / Madurai News: Efforts on to get mega hospital for Madurai", "Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (Madurai) Limited", "Temperature is on an increasing trend in Madurai during summer", "The Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University – Affiliated Government law colleges", "Tourism works around temple to be over by March", "Traffic Statistics-Domestic and International Passengers", "UAs having 1 million population – Census 2011", "Water year – District ground water brochure, Madurai district", "Work on provision of infrastructure begins in Information Technology parks", "Highways Circle of Highways Department, Tamilnadu", "Eco park to be added incentive for tourists", "Tight vigil during Thiruparankundram deepam", Official government website of Madurai District, Fatima Michael College of Engineering and Technology, Kamaraj College of Engineering and Technology, Madurai Institute of Engineering & Technology, Pandiyan Saraswathi Yadav Engineering College, Raja College of Engineering and Technology, Ultra College of Engineering and Technology, Velammal College of Engineering and Technology, Velammal Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Agricultural College and Research Institute, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madurai&oldid=1000227241, Populated places established in the 3rd century BC, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, TN-58 (South), TN-59 (North) and TN-64(Central), Source: Indian Meteorological Department Mean data from 1981–2010, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 05:45. [139] Tamil poets of different epochs participated in these assemblies, and their compositions are referred to as Sangam literature. Guaranteed Shipping! [167] The Thepporchavam festival, or float festival, is celebrated on the full moon day of the Tamil month Thai, which falls around January – February, to celebrate the birth anniversary of King Thirumalai Nayak. [113] In 2008, the crime rate in the city was 283.2 per 100,000 people, accounting for 1.1 per cent of all crimes reported in major cities in India, and it was ranked 19th among 35 major cities in India. The period started with the rivalry between the Pandyas and the Pallavas, which in turn caused the revival of the Cholas. The region is believed to have been covered with Kadamba forest and hence called Kadambavanam. Rahul Gandhi earlier in a tweet said, “Coming to celebrate Pongal with you in Madurai, Tamil Nadu.”. During the early years of independent India, the Madurai municipality was dominated by reformists of the Indian National Congress. Legend has it that the Hindu god Vishnu, as Alagar, rode on a golden horse to Madurai to attend the celestial wedding of Meenakshi (Parvati) and Sundareswarar (Shiva).Before Alagar reaches the wedding, the marriage will be completed and he does not cross the vaigai river. Cheapest prices ever. [203], Electricity supply to the city is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). Cotton crop cultivation in the regions with black soil in Madurai district was introduced during the Nayaka rule during the 16th century to increase the revenue from agriculture. The temple entry movement was first led in Madurai Meenakshi temple by independence activist A. Vaidyanatha Iyer in 1939. Click here to know about Madurai Meenakshi Amman Kovil Varalaru, Meenakshi Temple Timings, Address & History in Tamil - மதுரை மீனாட்சி அம்மன் கோவில்! [71][72], According to the religious census of 2011, Madurai had 85.83% Hindus, 8.54% Muslims, 5.18% Christians and 0.47% others. The temple structure with its concentric squares and high walled enclosures is a lesson for students of architecture. [204] The city is the headquarters of the Madurai region of TNEB and along with its suburbs, forms the Madurai Metro Electricity Distribution Circle, which is further divided into six divisions. It is a national monument maintained by the Tamil Nadu Archaeological Department. [15] The city is also the seat of a bench of the Madras High Court. [81] The decline in the population growth rate between 1981 and 2001 is due to the bifurcation of Madurai district into two, Madurai and Dindigul in 1984, and the subsequently of part of the city into the Theni district in 1997. [30][31] Madurai is mentioned in the works of Roman historians Pliny the Younger (61 – c. 112 CE), Ptolemy (c. 90 – c. CE 168), those of the Greek geographer Strabo (64/63 BCE – c. 24 CE),[32] and also in Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. The city is home to various automobile, rubber, chemical and granite manufacturing industries.[13]. Ruled by Pandya kings for the longest time in its history, it is called as the 'Lotus City' as it was planned and built in the shape of a lotus. [205], About 400 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from the city every day by door-to-door collection, and the subsequent source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the Madurai Municipal corporation[206] All the major channels in Madurai are linked by the corporation to receive the flood water from primary, secondary and tertiary drains constructed along the roadsides to dispose of rain water. Special prices for all products. The bull taming event is held in the villages surrounding Madurai, and people from the neighbouring villages throng to the open grounds to watch man and bull pitting their strength against each other. மதுரை (Madurai), இந்தியாவின், தமிழ்நாடு மாநிலத்தில் அமைந்துள்ள ஒரு தொன்மையான நகரம் ஆகும். A 120 feet Dindigul Bye pass road of Madurai, a roadway of commercial business unit and Shopping such as Levi Strauss & Co, Reliance Retail, Indian Terrain, Metro Shoes, Big Bazaar and food restaurants such as Dindigul Thalappakatti Restaurant, KFC, Domino's Pizza,Hotel Gowri Krishna, Ibaco, and some electronics such as Sony Centre, iPlanet.Famous retail chain Decathlon Group and DMart also contributes. Madurai is the third most populous, and probably the oldest, city in the state. [14][148] There are three teacher training institutes, two music colleges, three management institutes and 30 arts and sciences colleges in Madurai. There’s a … There are also two golden sculptured vimana (shrines) over the sanctum of the main deities. The king performed a yajna, a ritual before a sacrificial fire, to ask for the boon of an heir, a son. It is famous for its world acclaimed Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple. The fact that the Lord is seen on the vehicle of Indira in this temple is said to be proof for this. The Cholas went on to becoming a great power. It started functioning in July 2004.[115]. [127] Madurai Airport established in 1957, is located at Avaniyapuram, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the city. [20], After the Sangam age, most of present-day Tamil Nadu, including Madurai, came under the rule of the Kalabhra dynasty, which was ousted by the Pandyas around 590 CE. Temperatures during summer generally reach a maximum of 42 °C and a minimum of 26.3 °C, although temperatures up to 43 °C are not uncommon. Among the most famous of the state’s temples, which number in the tens of thousands, are the 7th- and 8th-century structures at Mamallapura, which were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. It is the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Madurai District, the third largest city in Tamil Nadu and 44th most populated city in India. For the administrative district of Madurai, see, Madurai Railway junction, the main railway station of Madurai, The figure corresponds to the expanded city limits. [20] The city's axes were aligned with the four-quarters of the compass, and the four gateways of the temple provided access to it. [50] The city is divided into a number of concentric quadrangular streets around the temple. [43] The city, along with the district, was resurveyed between 1880 and 1885 CE and subsequently, five municipalities were constituted in the two districts and six taluk boards were set up for local administration. M Sevathapandi (23) was detained following the orders given by Madurai … [19] Another theory is that Madurai is the derivative of the word Marutham, which refers to the type of landscape of the Sangam age. Under Smart Cities Mission of India, there are more infrastructure development and investment under the central government fund. [195] The most read Tamil language daily morning newspapers include Dina Malar,[196] Dina Thanthi,[197] Dina Mani[193] and Dinakaran[198] – all these newspapers have editions from Madurai. 10 lakhs", "Region's earliest interface with Islam was here", "Regional Transport Office – Registered commercial vehicles in Tamil Nadu", "Rs. He graduated from College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University in Mining Engineering discipline. Its importance radiates outward from the central shines through Madurai to the entire Tamil-speaking region in south India, and beyond. Kautilya 's ( 370–283 BCE ) [ 29 ] Arthashastra 127 ] Madurai is spoken. 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