Daughter of Geb and star-strewn Nuit, beloved of Set of the shifting sands, mother of careful Anubis, sister and companion of Isis in her sorrow, rider on the night boat, granter of renewal, I call to you, O goddess; I thank you for your many blessings. Thus we find Nephthys endowed with the epithet "Nephthys of the Bed of Life"[17] in direct reference to her regenerative priorities on the embalming table. She was also one of five children in her family. She is often depicted riding in the funeral boat accompanying the dead into the Blessed Land. [citation needed]. She is not exactly the personification of death, but she is the closest thing to it in Egyptian belief. Therefore, it should not be surprising that her cult images could likely be found as part of the divine entourage in temples at Kharga, Kellis, Deir el-Hagar, Koptos, Dendera, Philae, Sebennytos, Busiris, Shenhur, El Qa'la, Letopolis, Heliopolis, Abydos, Thebes, Dakleh Oasis, and indeed throughout Egypt. Nephthys also was the goddess of the "Mansion of the Sistrum" in Hwt-Sekhem (Gr. She plays practically no part outside the myth of Osiris. She is a very ancient goddess, first found in Old Kingdom writings. After Set was defeated, Ra resurrected those who were killed by Set, including Nephthys. Nephthys's healing skills and status as direct counterpart of Isis, steeped, as her sister in "words of power", are evidenced by the abundance of faience amulets carved in her likeness and by her presence in a variety of magical papyri that sought to summon her famously altruistic qualities to the aid of mortals.[19]. He is voiced and motion captured by Goran D. Kleut. In the later period, Nephthys was linked with Anukis. Together, the two sisters represented the “wailing women” that were an integral part of the Egyptian funerary rites.7 Gods of Egypt Wikia is a FANDOM Movies Community. He notes his obvious administration of the "House of Set" and adds: "I am also responsible for the ship, and I am responsible likewise for the House of Nephthys, along with a heap of other temples. She was also the goddess of night, rivers, sleep and nature too. Species The Ramesside pharaohs were particularly devoted to Set's prerogatives and, in the 19th Dynasty, a temple of Nephthys called the "House of Nephthys of Ramesses-Meriamun" was built or refurbished in the town of Sepermeru, midway between Oxyrhynchos and Herakleopolis, on the outskirts of the Fayyum and quite near to the modern site of Deshasheh. [7] Though other goddesses could assume this role, Nephthys was most usually portrayed in this function. [24], Nephthys was considered the unique protectress of the Bennu bird. In texts of the period of the Old Kingdom (c. 2613 - c. 2181 BCE) she is referenced with Set as the two gods who protect the barge of the sun god Ra (Atum) as it passes through the night sky. Nonetheless, Nephthys had a son, Anubis, by Osiris who was seduced by Nephthys after she got him drunk. Long before the Osiris myth became popular, Nepthys was already a very significant goddess, however. Height Nephthys was a guardian and protector of the deceased. Nephthys is regarded as the mother of the funerary deity Anubis (Inpu) in some myths. Nephthys was also considered a festive deity whose rites could mandate the liberal consumption of beer. Nephthys is the goddess of protection and Set's former wife. 19th Dynasty (1292-1186 BCE). Though it commonly has been assumed that Nephthys was married to Set and they have a son Anubis, recent Egyptological research has called this into question. Though her siblings developed cults of worship, Nephthys had no such cult. They dressed like Isis and Nephthys, shaved their hair, wore lamb’s wool wigs, and beat on tambourines while they chanted hymns to the god. Nephthys is a consolatory deity who comforts and advises those left behind when someone passes on. Nephthys was an ancient goddess, who was referenced in texts dating back to the Old Kingdom. During the Second Sundering, Nephthys and other deities from the pantheon returned in the form of demigods and led the Mulhorandi uprising against the Imaskari, in a manner similar to how the Chosen manifested in other regions. Despite having the same lofty origins as her brothers and sisters, Nephthys was only ever a supporting character in Egyptian mythology. She is the sister of Isis and companion of the war-like deity, Set. Less well understood than her sister Isis, Nephthys was no less important in Egyptian religion as confirmed by the work of E. Hornung[11] along with the work of several noted scholars. Egyptian Gods: Nephthys. Sauneron, Elephantine, Beitrage Bf. She is the sister of Osiris, and Isis. Nephthys's association with the kite or the Egyptian hawk (and its piercing, mournful cries) evidently reminded the ancients of the lamentations usually offered for the dead by wailing women. Levai notes that while Plutarch's De Iside et Osiride mentions the deity's marriage, there is very little specifically linking Nephthys and Set in the original early Egyptian sources. The ‘Osiris Myth’ was considered one of the most remarkable and influential mythologies in ancient Egypt. [6], As the primary "nursing mother" of the incarnate pharaonic god, Horus, Nephthys also was considered to be the nurse of the reigning pharaoh himself. Nephthys assisted Isis in resurrecting Osiris, who had been murdered by Set. Nephthys was known in some ancient Egyptian temple theologies and cosmologies as the "Helpful Goddess" or the "Excellent Goddess". The fields and other holdings belonging to Nephthys's temple were under the authority of two Nephthys prophets (named Penpmer and Merybarse) and one (mentioned) wa'ab priest of the goddess. [16] These "Festival Songs of Isis and Nephthys" were ritual elements of many such Osirian rites in major ancient Egyptian cult centers. Nephthys as the Lady of the House The name Nephthys is a Greek form of the Egyptian nbt-hwt. Her Egyptian name means “The Lady of the House”, with house here signifying a holy place like a temple of the house of god in the sky. She therefore featured in many death ceremonies and rituals. [2] These late ancient Egyptian temple texts describe a goddess who represented divine assistance and protective guardianship. She was the fourth born after Osiris, Isis, and Set and was the older sister of Horus (usually referred to as Horus the Elder). The basalt image originally was stationed at Medinet-Habu as part of the cultic celebration of the pharaonic "Sed-Festival", but was transferred at some point to Herakleopolis and the temple of Herishef. In this capacity, it is easy to see how Nephthys could be associated with death and putrefaction in the Pyramid Texts. Throughout Egyptian history various reasons were given for Set’s hatred of Osiris, including a kick or an affair with Set’s consort, Nephthys. … Nephthys Nephthys was one of the original five gods of ancient Egypt born of the union of Geb (earth) and Nut (sky) after the creation of the world. Osiris was the son of Geb, the god of the Earth, and Nut, the sky goddess. As a mortuary goddess like Isis, Neith, and Serqet, Nephthys was one of the protectresses of the canopic jars of Hapi. Physical description Set cut off her wings and presumably killed her. Isis was one of the most famous goddesses of ancient Egypt.Isis was,,sister of Nephthys,wife of Osiris and mother of Horus. Later Seth murdered and dismembered Osiris. Anubis was a jackal and watched over the dead. God This role may have stemmed from an early association in her native Heliopolis which was renowned for its "House of the Bennu" temple. Description: Nephthys is the sister of Osiris and Isis and the wife of Set. Sanctuaire nord. Ascend and descend; ascend with Isis, rise with the Day-bark." Nephthys was considered the unique protectress of the Bennu bird. She is a sister of Osiris, Horus, Isis, and Seth. After Horus was thrown to exile, gods who stood in Set's way were killed or presumably enslaved. Set confronted Nephthys who tried using her wings to fly away but Set grabbed on to Nephthys' wing and threw her to the ground. In this role, Nephthys was given the name "Nephthys-Kheresket" and a wealth of temple texts from Edfu, Dendera, Philae, Kom Ombo, El Qa'la, Esna, and others corroborate the late identification of Nephthys as the supreme goddess of Upper Egyptian Nome VII, where another shrine existed in honor of the Bennu. Another temple of Nephthys seems to have existed in the town of Punodjem. Nephthys is the Greek form of the name of the Egyptian goddess Nebtho. Classic art reinvented with a … The Papyrus Bologna records a complaint lodged by a prophet of the temple of Set in that town regarding undue taxation in his regard. The origin of the goddess Nephthys is unclear but the literal translation of her name is usually given as "Lady of the House", which has caused some to mistakenly identify her with the notion of a "housewife" or as the primary lady who ruled a domestic household. Set confronted Nephthys who tried using her wings to fly away but Set grabbed on to Nephthys' wing and threw her to the ground. This fits well with more general textual themes that consider Nephthys to be a goddess whose unique domain was darkness or the perilous edges of the desert. She seems to have been artificially created in apposition to Isis to be a second sister to the god Osiris and wife to his brother Set (Setekh). This is a pervasive error repeated in many commentaries concerning this deity. Here, as Papyrus Wilbour notes in its wealth of taxation records and land assessments, the temple of Nephthys was a specific foundation by Ramesses II, located in close proximity to (or within) the precinct of the enclosure of Set. She was a companion of Set, and the sister of queen Isis. Diospolis Parva), the chief city of Nome VII. Nephthys Nephthys had a quite large family. [26] In most cases, Nephthys found her typical place as part of a triad alongside Osiris and Isis, Isis and Horus, Isis and Min, or as part of a quartet of deities. Egyptian Goddesses, like Nephthys, were always depicted as young, beautiful and healthy. There, Nephthys was the primary protectress of the resident Osirian relic, of the Bennu Bird, and of the local Horus/Osiris manifestation, the god Neferhotep.[25]. In various reliefs at Edfu, Dendera, and Behbeit, Nephthys is depicted receiving lavish beer offerings from the pharaoh which she would "return" using her power as a beer goddess "that [the pharaoh] may have joy with no hangover". Thebes, Egypt. To be certain, the House of Nephthys was one of fifty individual, land-owning temples delineated for this portion of the Middle Egyptian district in Papyrus Wilbour. Biographical information As one of… Gods of Egypt is a 2016 fantasy action film directed by Alex Proyas based on the ancient Egyptian deities.It stars Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Gerard Butler, Brenton Thwaites, Chadwick Boseman, Élodie Yung, Courtney Eaton, Rufus Sewell and Geoffrey Rush.The film portrays a mortal Egyptian hero who partners with the Egyptian god Horus to save the world from Set and rescue his love. Unknown 6, 46; C. Traunecker, Le temple d'El-Qal'a. She is a daughter of Nut and Geb and wife of Set. The evil serpent Apophis tried every night to murder the sun god but Nephthys and Set fought the creature off so the sun could rise the next morning. Nephthys was attested as one of the four "Great Chiefs" ruling in the Osirian cult center of Busiris in the Delta[15] and she appears to have occupied an honorary position at the holy city of Abydos. ), Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. According to the Pyramid Texts, Nephthys, along with Isis, was a force before whom demons trembled in fear and whose magical spells were necessary for navigating the various levels of Duat, as the region of the afterlife was termed. [20] The Nephthys temple was a unique establishment in its own right, an independent entity. Relevés des scènes et des textes. 6, 46 n.d. Traunecker, Karnak VII, 184 n. 2; Cauville, 'Essai,' 152 n.7, James P. Allen, Peter Der Manuelian, 'The Pyramid Texts' SBL, 2005. At the time of the Fifth Dynasty Pyramid Texts, Nephthys appears as a goddess of the Heliopolitan Ennead. Hapi, one of the sons of Horus, guarded the embalmed lungs. She was a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis as the daughter of Geb and Nut and the sister of Osiris, Isis, and Horus, as well as the sister and wife of Set. Nephthys grieved for the lost god along with Isis, and their friendship was restored; because of this myth, Nephthys and Isis became known as the Weeping Sisters. [3][4] Alternatively Anubis appears as the son of Bastet[5] or Isis. She is part of the Heliopolitan Ennead. Anubis is a God and Lord of the dead in the film Gods of Egypt. Nephthys was the daughter of the sky goddess, Nut, and the earth god, Geb. A near life-sized statue of Nephthys (currently housed in the Louvre) boasts a curiously altered inscription. Nephthys is actually the Greek name – the ancient Egyptian name of the goddess is Neb-Het. Pyramid Text Utterance 222 line 21… "[22], As "Nephthys of Ramesses-Meriamun", the goddess and her shrines were under the particular endorsement of Ramesses II. Her following is referenced in texts that date back as far as the Old Kingdom. Nephthys or Nebet-Het in ancient Egyptian (Greek: Νέφθυς) was a goddess in ancient Egyptian religion. Elsewhere at Edfu, for example, Nephthys is a goddess who gives the pharaoh power to see "that which is hidden by moonlight". This title, which may be more of an epithet describing her function than a given name, probably indicates the association of Nephthys with one particular temple or some specific aspect of the Egyptian temple ritual. goddess-of-nile-anukis Role of Nephthys in Osiris Myth. Along with her sister Isis, Nephthys represented the temple pylon or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance to the temple which also displayed the flagstaff. To Nephthys, great friend of the dead, I offer my praise. A "prophet of Nephthys" is indeed attested for the town of Herakleopolis in the 30th Dynasty. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Nephthys was clearly viewed as a morbid-but-crucial force of heavenly transition, i.e., the pharaoh becomes strong for his journey to the afterlife through the intervention of Isis and Nephthys. ISIS, Mistress of Magic. Nephthys was also the mother of … Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites[1] because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Set. This field Seth`s desire to kill Osiris. Nephthys was the sister of Isis and Osiris, and the sister/wife of Seth. Nephthys and Set had Anubis, the lord and deity of the Underworld. As sister of Isis and especially Osiris, Nephthys is a protective goddess who symbolizes the death experience, just as Isis represented the birth experience. As in Pyramid Text 217, Nephthys is paired with Set, a God of dark moods and dark reputation and associated with Upper Egypt, while Isis is paired with the benevolent God Osiris and connected to Lower Egypt. Relatives Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Set. No cult is attested for her there, though she certainly figured as a goddess of great importance in the annual rites conducted, wherein two chosen females or priestesses played the roles of Isis and Nephthys and performed the elaborate "Lamentations of Isis and Nephthys". Nephthys is the daughter of Nut, sister of Isis and wife of Seth, the god of disorder.Her loyalties, however, lay with Osiris, by whom she had a child, Anubis.When Seth found out who the father was, he murdered Osiris, and Nephthys joined Isis in the search for Osiris's body. She was, almost without fail, depicted as crowned by the hieroglyphics signifying her name, which were a combination of signs for the sacred temple enclosure (ḥwt) along with the sign for nb or mistress (lady) on top of the enclosure sign.[13]. Set (Former Husband)Osiris (Former Brother in Law)Horus (Former Nephew) [23], There can be little doubt that a cult of Nephthys existed in the temple and great town of Herakleopolis, north of Sepermeru. Nephthys was normally portrayed as a young woman, wearing a headdress in the shape of a house and basket. [8][9], New Kingdom Ramesside Pharaohs, in particular, were enamored of Mother Nephthys as is attested in various stelae and a wealth of inscriptions at Karnak and Luxor, where Nephthys was a member of that great city's Ennead and her altars were present in the massive complex.[10]. Nephthys is the goddess of protection and Set's former wife. At the time of the Fifth Dynasty Pyramid Texts, Nephthys appears as a goddess of the Heliopolitan Ennead. Nephthys was the Egyptian god of divine assistance, and is closely associated with death and mourning the dead. Nephthys ( /ˈnɛpθɨs/ or /ˈnɛfθɨs/) is a member of the Great Ennead of Heliopolis in Egyptian mythology, a daughter of Nut and Geb. Nephthys could also appear as one of the goddesses who assists at childbirth. She is depicted with crown hieroglyph representing a house, usually with a basket, and sometimes she is represented by the hawk. She was, however, a common figure on amulets made during the Late Period (664–332BCE).6 With few exceptions, Nephthys always appeared in myths alongside her sister Isis. back to menu ↑ Nephthys as a Guardian of the Dead. "Ascend and descend; descend with Nephthys, sink into darkness with the Night-bark. From the Tomb of Nefertari in the Valley of the Queens. In this role, Nephthys was given the name "Nephthys-Kheresket" and a wealth of temple texts from Edfu, Dendera, Philae, Kom Ombo, El Qa'la, Esna, and others corroborate the late identification of Nephthys as the supreme goddess of Upper Egyptian Nome VII, where another shrine existed in honor of the Bennu. The Pyramid Texts refer to Isis as the "birth-mother" and to Nephthys as the "nursing-mother" of Horus. Transliterated as Nebet-hut, Nebet-Het or Nebt-Het, the name is usually said the mean “Lady of the House.” This translation has given rise to the misinterpretation of her role as a domestic goddess or patroness of housewives. Nephthys Unknown. Nephthys, as the active creative power which protected Osiris, the Moon-god, was called Menkhet, and in allusion to her beneficent acts in connection with him the names of Benra-merit and Kherseket were bestowed upon her; and the former appears to belong to the goddess when she made herself manifest under the form of a cat. fourth child born to the god of the earth and the goddess of the sky "Nephthys and Seth: Anatomy of a Mythical Marriage", Paper presented at The 58th Annual Meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt, Wyndham Toledo Hotel, Toledo, Ohio, Apr 20, 2007. Byron Esely Shafer, Dieter Arnold, Temples in Ancient Egypt, p. 112, 2005, J. Berlandini, p. 41-62, Varia Memphitica, VI - La stèle de Parâherounemyef, BIFAO 82, A. Gutbub, J. Bergman, Nephthys découverte dans un papyrus magique in Mélanges, Publications de la recherche, université de Montpellier, Montpellier, FRANCE, 1984, 'Land Tenure in the Ramesside Period' by S. Katary, 1989, 'Les Deesses de l'Egypte Pharaonique', R. LaChaud, 1992, Durocher-Champollion, Forgeau, 'Pretres Isiaques,' BIFAO 84, 155-157, Sauneron, Beitrage Bf. , sleep and nature too festive deity whose rites could mandate the liberal consumption of beer field Seth ` desire. Support to the souls of the most remarkable and influential mythologies in ancient Egypt as part of a house basket! After Horus was thrown to exile, gods who stood in Set 's way were killed by.. Mourning in the shrine known as the `` Helpful goddess '' or the `` Helpful goddess '' ] the temple... Sky ) parents are the Egyptian god and Lord of the war-like deity, Set regarding. And companion of the great Ennead of Heliopolis in Egyptian mythology, Nephthys was important in ancient Egypt part... 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