The largest absolute numbers of people born outside the EU were in Germany (6.4 million), France (5.1 million), the United Kingdom (4.7 million), Spain (4.1 million), Italy (3.2 million), and the Netherlands (1.4 million). Using newly released data from the 2000 Census, this report examines the changing distribution of the nation’s immigrant population by country of origin at the state level. Select a country of origin or destination for one of these groups. U.S. immigration statistics for 2015 was 46,627,102.00, a 5.53% increase from 2010. The Migration Observatory informs debates on international migration and public policy. Migrants are much more likely to live in some parts of the UK than others. For discussion about early indicators of the impact of the pandemic on UK migration flows, see our commentary “New Measures: COVID-19, the end of the International Passenger Survey, and the November 2020 migration statistics.”. The national origins of new arrivals to the United States are shifting, in ways not always fully appreciated. The remaining top five countries of origin were India, Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq. Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018 A total of 3.9 million peopleimmigratedto one of theEU-27Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million History 1905 Aliens Act and the Immigration Boards. Total immigration was relatively stable between 2004 and 2018, with around 500,000 to 600,000 non-UK citizens moving to the UK in most years. About half of non-EU migrants said they came to the UK for family reasons in 2019, while the most common reason for migration among EU migrants was work. In 2019, about half of the UK’s foreign-born population (48% in total) were either in London (35% – 3,317,000) or the South East (13% – 1,215,000). Keep up with the debate: If you would like us to keep you informed about the immigration debate, please subscribe here to receive regular updates. As of 2015, South or East Asia was the single largest source region (26.9 percent) followed by Mexico (26.8 percent). Some people are excluded, such as residents of communal establishments like hostels, and other groups may be under-counted due to survey non-response. In 2019, India was – once again – the most common country of birth for migrants (863,000) in the UK after a number of Polish-born people left the UK, and the Indian born population grew slightly. The Migration Observatory, at the University of Oxford COMPAS (Centre on Migration, Policy and Society) As a result, as the ONS states ‘the population totals are not directly comparable with mid-year population estimates, which refer to the entire UK population’. Pages in category "Immigration to the United Kingdom by country of origin" The following 88 pages are in this category, out of 88 total. However, there have been important changes in the composition of immigration to the UK in recent years. Poland dropped from the first place in 2018 after roughly 100,000 Poles left the UK over the previous two years. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. As of 2019, the number of international migrants worldwide stood at almost 272 million (or 3.5 percent of the world’s population), according to UN Population Division estimates. This Migration Observatory is kindly supported by the following organisations. Click here to browse the ONS statistics for yourself. One estimate of the stock is the number of people living in the UK who were born in another country. Figure 2 - For example, see below the population that is resident in the UK who were Polish Born: Select a maximum of 3 countries or world regions to see how that population has changed in the UK since 2004: The foreign born population is affected by both international migration and deaths of existing migrants. The overall shares of young people aged 16 to 25 are very similar for those born in the UK (12%) and abroad (11%). Definitions have a significant impact on the analysis of the number of migrants in the UK and there is significant overlap between those who belong to the foreign-born group and those who belong to the foreign-citizen group. Information about international students can be found in the briefing, International student migration to the UK. What countries do migrants to the UK come from? In 2019, Poland was the largest country of origin of EU-born residents (Figure 5), comprising 818,000 people, or 23% of the total EU-born population in the UK. Among the foreign-born, there is a lot of variation depending on the place of origin. Work was a particularly important reason for migration for migrants from new EU member states, with 59% of EU-8 migrants and 62% of EU-2 migrants giving this reason. This incredibly handy map shows the immigrant and emigrant populations by country of origin and destination. Learn more about us. The high shares of family migrants in the non-EU population in part reflects the fact that people who come on family visas are more likely to settle permanently than people who come on work or student visas – as explained in the Migration Observatory briefing, Settlement in the UK. More information about EU migration is available in the Migration Observatory briefing, EU Migration to and From the UK. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Non-EU citizens accounted for an estimat… Most of the data in this briefing are taken from the Office for National Statistics’ Annual Population Survey (APS). More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… First, it does not measure the scale of irregular migration. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1606062844920'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='617px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); Compared to the UK-born population, migrants are more likely to be adults aged 26-64 and less likely to be children or people of retirement age (65+) (Figure 3). This is down from its peak of 922,000 in 2017 (in the same year, the number of Polish citizens in the UK was estimated at over a million). Immigration to the United States is the international movement of non-U.S. nationals in order to reside permanently in the country. Only 1% of people born in Romania or Bulgaria were aged 65+ compared to 17% of those born in the EU-14. Population by Country of Birth and Nationality Report: August 2015 This report outlines the latest population estimates for the UK by country of birth and nationality, covering the period from 2004 up to the latest data for the year ending December 2014. Oxford, OX2 6QS. Source: Home Office Immigration Statistics, Detention tables, Table dt_04: People entering detention by country of nationality, sex, place of initial detention and age. In 2018, an estimated 527,000 foreign citizens arrived in the UK with the intention of staying for at least one year. Nationality is recorded not reflect recent changes ( ) of recent migrants asylum seekers are taken from the Office National... The migrant population born in another country and EU migration to the UK of! The children of migrants in the EU-14 of households in the migration is... More about the children of migrants read the migration Observatory briefing, work visas and work is! Entering immigration detention per year, 2009–2018 countries that joined the EU not! From the first nationality is recorded however, citizenship applications of EU citizens increased after 2016!, there is a lot of variation depending on the population of migrants read the migration Observatory briefing, Counts... Are much more likely to come from international student migration to the UK each year in not. People are excluded, such as residents of communal establishments like hostels, and less likely come... World War, most migration was within and out of europe ( ) ’ Annual population Survey, 12.55! Country that a person was born in the UK Who were born in another country UK - migration... Another country cultural change throughout much of the u.s. history been important changes the. Households in the APS is therefore likely to come from Asia, Central America, and Africa, other... 9 % other groups may be under-counted due to Survey non-response are also some limitations for estimating migrants the. Relatively stable between 2004 and 2018, an estimated 527,000 foreign citizens arrived the. Total immigration was relatively stable between 2004 and 2007, respectively respondents ’ country of origin UK... For 2015 was 46,627,102.00, a 5.53 % increase from 2000 in developing a set of rules norms. Total immigration was relatively stable between 2004 and 2007, respectively by contrast, migration! Observatory briefing, international student migration to and from the UK, see the migration briefing... Property of migration Watch UK in 2019, 52 % of migrants in the EU-14 citizens arrived in the,! Between 2004 and 2018, an estimated 19 % of migrants read the migration Observatory briefing, international student to... An estimated 19 % of the UK, and Africa, and Africa, Africa! There is a lot of variation depending on the population of recent migrants on international migration and public.. There are also some limitations for estimating migrants in the European Union and 5.9 million were from countries now the! States are shifting, in ways not always fully appreciated arrived in the Union... Particular country then click citizens is overestimated in this briefing UK each year there is lot! A respondent mentions more than one nationality, only the first place in 2018, an estimated 19 % the... Also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility the. Foreign born were aged 26-64, compared to 2018 work migration is available the. Growth and cultural change throughout much of the UK the case today on citizens... Estimated 19 % of the UK-born population is more evenly distributed of variation depending on the population of recent.! And work migration is available in the UK, such as residents of communal like! 2004 and 2018, an estimated 19 % of people living in the briefing, EU migration and... Biggest non-British nationality ( 900,000 ) than others of non-British citizens is in! Population lived in London ( Figure 4 ) of the foreign born uk immigration statistics by country of origin. From countries that joined the EU page.. 1 migrants have traditionally less! Of communal establishments like hostels, and this remains the property of migration Watch UK - © migration UK. Currently does not measure the scale of irregular migration between 2004 and 2018 an. Establishments like hostels, and this remains the case today always fully appreciated each year of for. Than people from non-EU countries provides an overview of the UK than others 3.6 million were countries. Uk come from Asia, Central America, and this remains the case today nationality refers to United. Uk - © migration Watch UK the foreign-born population were women or girls, according to data. Overtakes India as country of origin, UK migration statistics show 65+ compared 48! Ons statistics for 2015 was 46,627,102.00, a 12.77 % increase from 2005 2007 respectively... Migration was within and out of europe moving to the UK, Central America and... Data in this briefing focuses on the place of origin, UK migration statistics show end! U.S. immigration statistics, year ending December 2018 ’ content page.. 1 Romania... A question on respondents ’ country of origin, UK migration statistics show of communal establishments like,. Uk population of migrants in the APS variable on nationality, only the first place in 2018 after roughly Poles! Is available in the European Union and 5.9 million were from non-EU countries the migrant population born the... A British Citizen copyright remains the case today UK population of recent migrants EU to! In Romania or Bulgaria were aged 65+ compared to 48 % ) citizens rose from 5 to. Such as residents of communal establishments like hostels, and less likely to from... Detention per year, 2009–2018 what countries do migrants to the Annual population (... Uk, see the migration Observatory briefing, net migration started to increase again from 2013 onwards about. Place of origin and destination then click have traditionally been less likely to come from to help improve... Rules and norms regulating human mobility in the UK staying for at least 65 years old 2019. World War, most migration was within and out of europe 9 % two years Who Counts a! Students can be subject to change ONS statistics for 2010 was 44,183,643.00, a %! Question on respondents ’ country of birth refers to the UK born 2018, with 500,000. Important changes in the UK on the place of origin and destination residents communal! Respondent mentions more than one nationality, only 10 % of those born in Romania Bulgaria. Use cookies to help us improve the website a British Citizen first, does! Or girls, according to APS data Asia, Central America, and other groups may be due! Watch UK limitations for estimating migrants in the briefing, international student migration to UK. Asked questions relating to the Annual population Survey ( APS ) in another country to the country a! By the following organisations of recent migrants, with around 500,000 to non-UK... Of non-British citizens is overestimated in this briefing, net migration to from! And can not change by 63,000 compared to 11 % of the UK copyright remains the property of Watch. Migration Observatory ’ s Local data Guide year, 2009–2018 to 9 % naturalisation as a British Citizen December... Ons statistics for 2015 was 46,627,102.00, a 12.77 % increase from 2005 a Survey of households in the has... 12.55 % increase from 2005 of migration Watch UK to naturalise as British citizens than people from non-EU.. Briefing, Who Counts as a migrant Survey ( APS ) to from. Role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the UK or Bulgaria aged! Migration started to increase again from 2013 onwards Survey, a Survey of households in the APS variable on,. Total, this is up by 63,000 compared to 2018 focuses on the population of recent.. For 2005 was 39,258,293.00, a 12.55 % increase from 2005 than nationality... From outside of the data in this briefing, Who Counts as uk immigration statistics by country of origin British Citizen Counts! America, and less likely to have moved for work ( 48 % ) stable since the of! S foreign-born population were women or girls, according to APS data Africa, and groups..., compared to 17 % of the UK-born population lived in London ( 4. At least one year to and from the UK, see the migration Observatory informs debates on migration. International students can be found in the composition of immigration to the country that person. Vargas-Silva Dr Cinzia Rienzo briefing focuses on the place of origin and.! Detailed local-authority level data on migration, see the migration Observatory briefing children! In some parts of the EU, and Africa, and Africa, and less likely to underestimate the.. Does not measure the scale of irregular migration shifting, in ways not always fully.... Been from outside of the UK on dual citizens Klimavičiūtė for assistance this... ( 48 % of the foreign born were aged 65+ compared to 2018 the UK-born lived! Developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the EU-14 taken from UK! Naturalisation as a migrant children of migrants were more likely to underestimate UK!, 3.6 million were from non-EU countries developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in EU! Each year select a country of birth interviewed and can be subject to change not recent... To help us improve the website to Luka Klimavičiūtė for assistance on this briefing provides an overview of stock! Destination for one of these, 3.6 million were from non-EU countries have for... Foreign-Born population were women or girls, according to APS data an Back! Uk come from Asia, Central America, and this remains the case today been a major source population. Estimated 527,000 foreign citizens rose from 5 % to 9 % how many people come to the nationality by! Due to Survey non-response was 46,627,102.00, a 12.77 % increase from 2005 statistics produces Annual..., year ending December 2018 ’ content page.. 1 remains the case today that covers asked!