Siraj ud-Daula became Nawab in 1756 only to be defeated by British East Indian Company in 1757 at the Battle of Plassey, after which it established company rule.  After Indian independence, the Nawab family continued to enjoy privileges as a result of the Privy Purse in India. Sarfaraz ascended the throne after his father's death in 1739 only to be defeated and replaced by Alivardi Khan in 1740. plus four fly-leaves each with 11ll. A HISTORY OF 'ALIVARDI KHAN NAWAB OF BENGAL (R.1740-1756 AD) ATTRIBUTED TO YUSUF 'ALI KHAN, NORTH INDIA, SECOND HALF 18TH CENTURY Historical account of the life of Mirza Muhammad 'Alivardi Khan Nawab of Bengal, Persian manuscript on paper, consisting of xxff. By IMP CENTER. 1742 - 51: Long battle with Marathas and Bihari Afghans. However, the Mughal allies were defeated at the Battle of Buxar in 1764, which was the last real chance of resisting British expansion across the northern Indian subcontinent. The Zamindars of Bihar maintained a tenous loyalty to the Nawabs of Bengal. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property.  The Nawabs were based in Murshidabad which was centrally located within Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. WHO BECAME THE NAWAB OF BENGAL AFTER DEATH OF ALIVARDI KHAN. The region became a base for the British East India Company, the French East India Company, the Danish East India Company, the Austrian East India Company, the Ostend Company, and the Dutch East India Company. Alivardi Khan (Bengali: আলীবর্দী খান, romanized: Alibordi Khan, Persian: على وردي خان ; 1671 – 9 April 1756) was the Nawab of Bengal from 1740 to 1756. Azim-us-Shan, the Mughal viceroy of Bengal, had a bitter power struggle with his prime minister (diwan) Murshid Quli Khan. B) 1791. Options. Alivardi Khan also used the title Nizam. In 1716-17, Murshid Quli Khan became the subahdar of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, and from that date a new office of Naib' (nawab) Nazim was created for administering eastern Bengal from Dhaka. Mirza Muhammad Ali, who became H.H. Emperor Aurangzeb transferred Azim-us-Shan out of Bengal as a result of the disputes. The Battle of Burdwan was a major confrontation between the Mughal Empire's Nawab of Bengal, Alivardi Khan and his invading Maratha opponents Janoji Bhonsle and Bhaskar Pandit. With this the system of dual governance was established and the Bengal Presidency was formed. Alivardi Khan himself. The Mughal court heavily relied on Bengal for revenue. In May 1752, Alivardi Khan, the then Nawab of Bengal, declared Siraj ud-Daulah as his successor. Alivardi Khan was the Nawab of Bengal for the period between 1740 and 1756. The defeat of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula of Oudh, and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II at the Battle of Buxar in 1764 paved the way for British expansion across India. Nizamat (governornership) and diwani (premiership) were the two main branches of provincial government under the Mughals. Suja-ul-Mulk, Hasem-ud-Daulla, Nawab Alivardi Khan Bahadur, Mahabat Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa … He was born in 1733.His father, Zain-ud-Din was the ruler of Bihar and his mother Amina Begum was the youngest daughter of Alivardi Khan. Alivardi Khan died in 1756 and he was succeeded by Siraj-ud-Daula as the new Nawab of Bengal. A) 1756. References Immediately after becoming the Nawab, Alivardi Khan secured imperial confirmation of his new authority and began to govern the province in an independent manner. ; Murshid Quli transferred his capital from Dacca to Murshidabad, and soon after the death of Aurangzeb, developed a practically independent authority thus founding a new ruling dynasty in those provinces. Britain and France were at the time pitted against each other in the Seven Years' War. The East India Company dispatched a naval fleet led by Robert Clive to regain control of Fort William. Question Bank Solutions 1542. The Bengal-Bihar-Orissa triangle was a major production center for cotton muslin cloth, silk cloth, shipbuilding, gunpowder, saltpetre, and metalworks. Q12 _____ was the first major victory of Englishmen in India. Siraj was born to Zainuddin Ahmed Khan and Amina Begum in 1733. With the disintegration of Mughal Empire after the death of Aurangzeb, the apex official of Mughal in Bengal declared its independence. The last Nawab of Bengal, Mansur Ali Khan abdicated on 1 November 1880 in favour of his eldest son, Hassan Ali Mirza. He was defeated by Robert Clive in the battle of Plassey on 1757 due to the betrayal of his generals in the battle field. Sarfaraz Khan (Bengali: সরফরাজ খান, Persian: سرفراز خان ; c. 1700 – 29 April 1740), born Mirza Asadullah, was a Nawab of Bengal.Sarfaraz Khan's maternal grandfather, Nawab Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal (Bengal, Bihar and Orissa) nominated him as the direct heir to him as there was no direct heir. In 1959, Wasif Ali Mirza came to be the third Nawab Bahadur. The palace was also used by British colonial officials. However, their political influence in Bengal was eclipsed by the Nawab of Dhaka.  There were several posts under the Mughal administrative system of Bengal since Akbar's conquest in the 1500s. Immediately after becoming the Nawab, Alivardi Khan secured imperial confirmation of his new authority and began to govern the province in an independent manner. Factories were set up in Murshidabad, Dhaka, Patna, Sonargaon, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Cossimbazar, Balasore, Pipeli, and Hugli among other cities, towns, and ports.  He returned to Bombay in October 1880 and pleaded his case against the orders of the government, but as it stood unresolved the Nawab renounced his styles and titles, abdicating in favour of his eldest son on 1 November 1880.  He was succeeded by Waris Ali Mirza who died in 1969, survived by three sons and three daughters. The freeed themselves from the yoke of Mughal emipre and came to be known as "Nawab" of Bengal. Solution Show Solution. After that, for a year (1739- 40), Sarfaraz Khan, an incapable son of Murshid Quli Khan, became the ruler; he was killed by Alivardi Khan. The aristocracy was composed of the Zamindars of Bengal. In 1772, Governor-General Warren Hastings shifted administrative and judicial offices from Murshidabad to Calcutta, the capital of the newly formed Bengal Presidency; and the de facto capital of British India. a) Dewan Subah b) Dewan Khalsa c) Dewan Nizamat d) Dewan Ton. Alivardi Khan had no male heir to succeed him after his death. Mirza Muhammad Sirajuddaula was the grandson of Nawab alivardi khan and son of amina begum and zainuddin ahmad khan. By January 1757, the British retook Fort William. The following is the list of Nawabs of Bengal. Nizamat (governornership) and diwani (premiership) were the two main branches of provincial government under the Mughals. However, Jafar entered into a secret treaty with the Dutch East India Company. Balasore in Orissa was a prominent Austrian trading post. After the Revolt of 1857, Company rule in India ended, and the British Crown, in 1858, took over the territories which were under direct rule of the Company. In 1752, the then ruling Nawab of Bengal, Alivardi Khan (1671-1756), declared his favourite grandson Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah as his heir apparent, leading to a number of intrigues within the Nawab’s family as well as members of his court. He even accompanied Alivardi Khan in one of his military campaigns against the Maratha forces in 1746. The Nawab’s officers also exercised authority over the European merchants when occasion arose. After Siraj Ud Daulah’s defeat and subsequent execution, Jafar achieved his long-pursued dream of gaining the throne, and was propped up by the British East India company as puppet Nawab. Alivardi Khan Biography. Following the decline of the Mughal empire in the 18th century, the Mughal governors of Bengal became semi-independent rulers. D) 1777 . With the end of his era, the rule of the British East India company started. The second Nawab's reign saw a period of economic and political consolidation.. His administrative coup merged the offices of the diwan (prime minister) and subedar (viceroy).  The regional decentralization of the Mughal Empire led to the creation of numerous semi-independent strongholds in the Mughal provinces. Q10- During late 1690s, the Nawab of Bengal was A) Akbar II. During the 18th-century, the Nawabs of Bengal were among the wealthiest rulers in the world.. Q11– Alivardi Khan passed away in the year . the Company and the nawabs of Bengal intensified. Multiple teams of the NCB are conducting raids in Mumbai since last night. Young and assertive. Bloomsbury Publishing. Tipu Sultan. Correct answers: 3 question: Name the first nawab of bengal among the following? Soon after the line was published, the Pakistani flag was lowered and the Indian tricolour was hoisted atop the palace. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Bengal nawabs asserted their power and autonomy, as other regional powers were doing at that time. Your IP: 184.108.40.206 A) 1756. He was, in fact, the last independent Nawab of Bengal and only person fit for the post of the Nawab after Alivardi. D) Battle of Delhi . The regional decentralizati… D) Battle of Delhi Second Nawabship of Mir Jafar (1765): After Buxar the English reinstated Mir Jafar, the deposed Nawab to the masnad for they were no longer prepared to commit the mistake of choosing a person as Nawab about whose character and personality they were not absolutely sure. (iii) The Nawab of Bengal after Alivardi Khan was (a) Murshid Quli Khan (b) Tipu Sultan (c) Sirajuddaulah (d) Mir Qasim (iv) The British who did the Company’s army against Sirajuddaulah at Plassey was (a) Robert Clive (b) Lord Hastings (c) Edmund Burke (d) Lord Dalhousie (v) This Governor-General introduced the policy of ‘paramountcy’. Bargir-giri In the 1740s, the bargir-giri of Bhosle’s army confounded the forces of Nawab Alivardi Khan, the ruler of Bengal. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. , The Nawabs were patrons of the arts, including the Murshidabad style of Mughal painting, Hindustani classical music, the Baul tradition, and local craftsmanship. Fill in the Blanks. The Nawabs were also notorious for their repressive tactics, including torture for non-payment of land rent. Mir Qasim allied with Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. Alivardi Khan had no male heir to succeed him after his death. All those people including Siraj died pitifully in Sarfaraz Khan and Mir Jafar were the only two to become Nawab Nazim twice.  They are often referred to as the Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (Bengali: বাংলা বিহার ও ওড়িশার নবাব). After he arrived in Bengal as Dewan, the office of Nazim was held by Prince Azim-ush-Shan, upon whose departure, the functions of the two posts became united in the same person and Murshid Quli Khan became the first Nazim and Dewan. Question By default show hide Solutions. Siraj-Ud-Daulah succeeded Alvardi Khan and became The Nawab of Bengal in 1756 AD. Shujauddin Khan, Sarfaraz Khan, Alivardi Khan, Siraj-ud-daula, Mir Qasim were the successor Diwan after Murshid Quil Khan.  Nawab Alivardi Khan made peace with Raghunathrao in 1751, ceding large parts of Orissa up to the river Subarnarekha.  They served as financiers to both the Nawabs and European companies operating in the region. The Nawab of Bengal (Bengali: বাংলার নবাব) was the hereditary ruler of Bengal Subah in Mughal India. Dutch Bengali trading posts included the main Dutch port of Pipeli in Orissa; the Dutch settlement in Rajshahi; and the towns of Cossimbazar and Hugli. And even following this, the amount gained was very low.  Although Bihar had the potential to provide a large amount of revenue and tax, records show that the Nawabs were unable to extract any money from the chiefs of Bihar until 1748. Traders were lodged at caravanserais, including the Katra Masjid in Murshidabad; and the Bara Katra and Choto Katra in Dhaka. After death of Alivardi Khan, dispute arose between his daughter Ghasiti Begum and grandson Siraj-ud-Daula.  The Marathas also promised to never to cross the boundary of the Nawab's territory. In 1746 under the orders of Ataullah Khan faujdar of Rajmahal M. Ranault was arrested at Sakrigali. His son Ahmad Najafi was married to Zinnat-un-Nissa, daughter of Shah Jahan’s son Dara Shikoh. There are instances when Nawab’s officers demanded presents from the European merchants.  Nawab Alivardi Khan's successor was Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah.Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah grew increasingly wary of the British presence in Bengal. Immediately after his coup Alivardi Khan had takeover legitimized by the Mughal Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur and resumed the policies of Murshid Quli Khan.Although he was the Nawab of Bengal he also used titles such as Nizam, he also chose Faujdars from various regions such as Patna, Dacca and Orissa.. Mysore's military technology at one point rivaled European technology. Alivardi Khan . At that time he was just 23 years old. However, his concluding position was uncertain due to displeasure among his colonels. The last independent emperor of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa Siraj ud Daulah holds immense importance in Indian History. His father was an Arab - Shah Quli Khan (Mirza Muhammad Madani; an employee of Azam Shah, son of Aurangzeb)) and his mother was the daughter of Nawab Aqil Khan Afshar (Mir … The Nawabs, backed by bankers such as the Jagat Seth, became the financial backbone of the Mughal court.  He secured for the Company the diwani of the Bengal subah in perpetuity, from the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II. The Subahdarwas in-charge of the nizamat and had a chain of subordinate officials on the executive side, including diwans (prime ministers) responsible for revenue and legal affairs. Murshil Quli Khan … The coup by Alivardi Khan led to the creation of a new dynasty. As the Mughal Empire began to decline, the Nawabs rose in power. The Hazarduari Palace (Palace of a Thousand Doors) was built as the residence of the Nawabs in the 1830s.  The Nawab Bahadurs had ceased to exercise any significant power. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices.  European trading companies also grew more influential in Bengal. , The Bengal Subah was the wealthiest subah of the Mughal Empire. Bengali cities were full of brokers, workers, peons, naibs, wakils, and ordinary traders.  Rebellion and the withholding of revenue was a common feature of the Nawab period in Bihar. Mir Jafar pretended loyalty to Alivardi Khan's successor Siraj Ud Daulah, but betrayed him to the British in the battle of Plassey. He adopted very stern approach towards his opponents. He toppled the Nasiri Dynasty of the Nawabs and took powers of the Nawab. Alvardi is also famous for his victory in the Battle of Burdwan that was fought against Marathas.He died at an age of 80 on 10th April, 1756. Tipu Sultan pursued aggressive military modernization; and set up a company to trade with communities around the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. Members of the Nawab family of Murshidabad were part of the Pakistan movement. Alivardi also secured a formal recognition of his new position as the Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa by the emperor Muhammad Shah by profusely bribing him and officers like Qamar-ud-din, the wazir and others. For the British-era peerage in Dhaka (1843-1947), see, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (. Source : Google photo of Siraj-ud- Daulah ( Last king of Bengal ) Synopsis : Very few know of Siraj- ud- Daulah who was the last king of Bengal . The Nawab of Bengal after Alivardi Khan was _____. The Nawab left Murshidabad in February 1869, and had started living in England. In the early 18th-century, the Nawab of Bengal was the de facto independent ruler of the three regions of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa which constitute the modern-day sovereign country of Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Mir Qasim also proved to be a popular ruler. C) 1780. Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education SSLC (English Medium) Class 10th. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6140cff7ae8202f3 For one, it meant loss of revenue to the Bengal government. Alivardi Khan,s, two sons-in-law, one was the ruler of Dhaka. Immediately after his usurpation of power, Alivardi Khan had his takeover legitimized by the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah and resumed the policies of Murshid Quli Khan.Although he was the Nawab of Bengal he also used titles such as Nizam, he also chose Faujdars from various regions such as Patna, Dacca and Orissa.. The Jagat Seth controlled the flow of Bengali revenue into the imperial treasury in Delhi. They continued to be a wealthy Indian family, producing bureaucrats and army officers. There are instances when Nawab’s officers demanded presents from the European merchants. In one of his first acts, Mir Qasim ceded Chittagong, Burdwan and Midnapore to the East India Company. Mir Jafar pretended loyalty to Alivardi Khan's successor Siraj Ud Daulah, but betrayed him to the British in the battle of Plassey. C) 1780. Q11– Alivardi Khan passed away in the year . 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